The Black and Black-spotted Alpine Pig is to become native again in its original area of distribution, the Central and Eastern part of the Alps. The breed has to be kept and bred in mountain regions to maintain its special characteristics such as robustness, undemandingness, economic efficiency and mountain credentials. The selection of animal breeders therefore is done with special attention to the location of farms res. the sites where animals are kept (mountain area defined by the Alpine Convention or nationally recognized mountain zone). They should preferentially be in alpine areas with the possibility of grazing or Alpine pasturing. Extensive feeding, preferably with fodder produced on the farms, supports both animals’ health and meat quality. Therefore, organic agricultural systems are preferred to conventional systems. A manual (in German and Italian) on free-range keeping of Alpine Pigs is available.